Compounds that contain 4n (n ≠ 0) π-electrons in a cyclic planar, or nearly planar, system of alternating single and double bonds, e.g. cyclobuta-1,3-diene.
See also: aromatic compounds
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307. 'Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)' on page 1318 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199567081307)