## canonical rate constant

https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.C00789
The @O04322@ for a system in which the @R05163@ are in thermal equilibrium at a given temperature. In statistical mechanics the expression 'canonical ensemble' is used to refer to a closed system in thermal equilibrium, the species being present in a statistical distribution. By contrast, a microcanonical ensemble is composed of systems all having the same energy: a canonical ensemble therefore consists of a statistical distribution of microcanonical ensembles. The canonical or thermal @O04322@ can be obtained from the @M03896@ by summing over the energy, taking into account the statistical distribution.
Source:
PAC, 1996, 68, 149. (A glossary of terms used in chemical kinetics, including reaction dynamics (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)) on page 155 [Terms] [Paper]