negative ion

in mass spectrometry
https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.N04098
An atom, radical, molecule or molecular moiety in the vapour phase which has gained one or more electrons thereby acquiring an electrically negative charge. The use of the term anion as an alternative is not recommended because of its connotations in solution chemistry.
See: positive ion (in mass spectrometry)
Sources:
Orange Book, 2nd ed., p. 204 (http://media.iupac.org/publications/analytical_compendium/)
PAC, 1991, 63, 1541. 'Recommendations for nomenclature and symbolism for mass spectroscopy (including an appendix of terms used in vacuum technology). (Recommendations 1991)' on page 1549 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199163101541)