Number of photons (quanta of radiation, Np) per time interval (photon flux), qp, incident
from all upward
directions on a small element of surface
containing the point under consideration divided by the area of the element. SI unit is m-2 s-1. Equivalent definition: Integral, taken over the hemisphere visible from the given point, of the expression Lp.cos θ.dΩ the photon radiance at the given point in the various directions of the incident beam of solid angle Ω and θ the angle between any of these beams and the normal to the surface at the given point.
- Mathematical definition: Ep = dqp/dS. If the photon flux is constant over the surface considered, Ep = qp/S. Equivalent definition: Ep = ∫ 2π Lp cosθ dΩ.
- This term refers to a beam not scattered or reflected by the target or its surroundings. For a beam incident from all directions @P04635@ (Ep,o) is an equivalent term.
- This quantity can be used on a @C01019@ basis by dividing Ep by the @A00543@, the symbol then being En,p, the name 'photon irradiance, amount basis', SI unit is mol m-2 s-1; common unit is einstein m-2 s-1.
PAC, 2007, 79, 293. 'Glossary of terms used in photochemistry, 3rd edition (IUPAC Recommendations 2006)' on page 396 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200779030293)