A stable paramagnetic group (typically a nitryl radical) that is attached to a part of a molecular entity whose microscopic environment is of interest and may be revealed by the electron spin resonance (ESR
) spectrum of the spin label. When a simple paramagnetic molecular entity is used in this way without
covalent attachment to the molecular entity of interest it is frequently referred to as a 'spin probe'.
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077. 'Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)' on page 1166 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199466051077)